Paleoneurologic, neoneurologic, and ontogenetic aspects of brain phylogeny. by Pinckney J Harman

Cover of: Paleoneurologic, neoneurologic, and ontogenetic aspects of brain phylogeny. | Pinckney J Harman

Published by American Museum of Natural History in New York .

Written in English

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  • Brain,
  • Evolution

Edition Notes

Book details

SeriesJames Arthur lecture on the evolution of the human brain -- 1956
LC ClassificationsQL933 H37
The Physical Object
Number of Pages24
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16827736M

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Paleoneurologic, neoneurologic, and ontogenetic aspects of brain phylogeny. (James Arthur lecture on the evolution of the human brain, no. 25, ). Additional Physical Format: Online version: Harman, Pinckney J. Paleoneurologic, neoneurologic, and ontogenetic aspects of brain phylogeny. New York, American Museum of Natural History, A cast molded by this cavity is called an “endo-cast,” and in fossil mammals it looks enough like a brain to be called a “fossil brain.” Neocortex is identified (and in a sense defined) as the forebrain region of the endocast that is dorsal to the rhinal fissure and posterior to Cited by: Paleoneurologic, neoneurologic, and ontogenetic aspects of brain phylogeny.

(James Arthur lecture on the evolution of the human brain, no. 25, ).Author: Pinckney J. Harman. Harman, P. J.,Paleoneurologic, neoneurologic, and ontogenetic aspects of brain phylogeny, James Arthur Lecture on the Evolution of the Human Brain, American Museum of Natural History, New by: This book begins with a traditional review of the basic internal and external morphology, major nerve and fiber tracts, behavioral correlates, and clinical syndromes associated with spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum designed to reacquaint students and practicing clinicians with the functional anatomy of the subtentorial central nervous Format: Paperback.

PALEONEUROLOGIC,NEONEUROLOGIC, ANDONTOGENETICASPECTSOF BRAINPHYLOGENY ItisanhonortohavebeeninvitedtodeliveraJames Culture and the Structural Evolution of the Neural System; Ap Pinckney J.

Harman, Paleoneurologic, Neoneurologic, and Ontogenetic Aspects of Brain Phytogeny; Ap **Davenport Hooker, Evidence of Prenatal Function of the Central Nervous System in Man; Ap *David P. Lloyd. Neurolinguistics: Theoretical and evolutionary perspectives Paleoneurologic, neoneurologic and ontogenetic aspects of brain phylogeny.

James Arthur Lecture, American Museum of Natural History. Harrison, J. M., & Howe, M. Anatomy of the descending auditory system. P.J. HarmanPaleoneurologic, neoneurologic and ontogenetic Cited by: The Phylogenetic Development of the Hominid Brain and Its Connection with the Transformation of the Skull: May 5.

Kingsley Noble. The Neural Basis of Social Behavior of Vertebrates: John F. Fulton.,4 Functional Approach to the Evolution of the Primate Brain: May 2. Frank A. Beach. Integrating brain, behavior, and phylogeny to understand the evolution of sensory systems in birds Douglas R.

Wylie 1 *, Cristian Gutiérrez-Ibáñez 2 and Andrew N. Iwaniuk 3 1 Neurosciences and Mental Health Institute, University of Cited by: And ontogenetic aspects of brain phylogeny.

book understanding of how the nervous system functions mechanically lead to new concepts in manual and musculoskeletal medicine. This summary work includes content from two books, Biomechanics of the central nervous system () and Adverse mechanical tension in the nervous system (); photoelastic models of stress behavior; cranial nerve and nerve root.

It is the most inferior brain structure. it sections include the medulla oblongata, the pons, and the midbrain (in ascending order, from the spinal cord).

The brain stem functions to provide a pathway for both motor and sensory nerve impulses traveling away from and to the brain. And of none of the many aspects of the human story is this truer than it is of the origin of the human capacity.

Strangely, perhaps, the first evolutionary biologist to hint at this last point was one of the fathers of the theory of evolution by natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace. In the human brain, of course, we begin to see definite evidence of a belated tendency in evolution to try to cir- cumvent some of the duplication difficulties.

A de-duplica- tion trend is seen particularly in the lateralization of speech and writing within the single dominant hemisphere in the majority of persons.

BMJ Books is an imprint of the BMJ Publishing Group Limited, used under licence Blackwell Publishing, Inc., Main Street, Malden, MAUSA Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK. brain,greatreliancemustbeplacedonajudiciousselection ofliving forms and the utilization ofliving is reallya game ofselectingcontrols out ofnature's vast ex.

Animal studies may make it possible to learn in detail how genes influence the common brain network underlying self-regulation. A number of neurological and psychiatric pathologies involve dif- ficulties in self-regulation and show deficits in the underlying atten- tional network. Understanding of the genetic mechanisms underlying the evolution of these recent human brain regions and paleoneurology my be the key to the focal, asymmetrical or systemic character of neurodegeneration, the pathologic heterogeneity/overlap of syndromic presentations associating gait, hand, language, cognition, mood and behaviour by: Ontogenetic allometry in the thoracolumbar spine of mammal species with differing gait use Article in Evolution & Development 16(2) March with.

Neuromodulatory inputs are known to play a major role in the adaptive plasticity of rhythmic neural networks in adult animals.

Using the crustacean stomatogastric nervous system, we have. Shared neurologic mechanisms are the main argument in favor of continuity between nonhuman and human primates' minds. Several contributors to this Sackler Colloquium have studied these common mechanisms in the field of memory and its brain counterparts.

In Chapter 4, Robert Clark and Larry Squire offer a history of the scientific debate provoked by Owen's () Author: Camilo J. Cela-Conde, Raúl Gutiérrez Lombardo, John C.

Avise, Francisco J. Ayala. brainweighting,atleastforinsectivoresandprimates,andthetwo measuresof brain size aretherefore usedinterchangeably in the following text, though actualbrain weight is usedwherever possible.].

There are two distinct forms of human aggression - individual and colleetive - and because very little is known about the neurological substrate of the latter, this article is principally concerned with the subject of normal and pathological aggression in the by: Evolutionary neuroscientists investigate the evolution and natural history of nervous system structure, functions and emergent properties.

The field draws on concepts and findings from both neuroscience and evolutionary biology. Historically, most empirical work has been in the area of comparative neuroanatomy. This chapter presents a comparison of cortical functions in man and the other primates.

It illustrates the relations between the brain and behavior in man and his ancestors. The discussion is confined to cortex, mainly to neocortex, partly because neocortex is the structure, which has changed most in primate evolution and partly because man's Cited by: Connections in the brain have been suggested to take the shortest path between different regions of the brain; however, many neuroanatomical studies using tract tracing methods have shown that individual axons branch or turn at right angles, suggesting that not all connections are made by smooth arcing axons, and may not necessarily traverse the shortest : Farzad Mortazavi, Van J.

Wedeen, Douglas L. Rosene. The authors focus on aphasia-language disorder resulting from local brain damage and show that the clinical aspect represents not only loss of function of the damaged area, but also results from the interaction between damaged and intact areas of the brain.

The cerebral cortex, including the hippocampal formation, is composed of two main classes of neurons: principal and non-principal cells. The first and the more numerous class (around 80% of the neurons) corresponds mainly to pyramidal cells, which are excitatory glutamatergic neurons (for reviews see DeFelipe and Jones, ; Spruston, ).The Cited by: In most animals,a larger brain suggests a larger level of intelligence, with primates however there is no distinct correlation found.

Corpus collosum A band of nerve tissue that connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres and serves as the main communication pathway between them. Therefore we propose that alterations within neuromodulatory systems to a given rhythmic neural network displaying the same basic circuitry may account for the generation of different motor outputs throughout development (ontogenetic plasticity), adulthood (adaptive plasticity) and evolution (phylogenetic plasticity).Cited by: The cerebral cortex of the echidna is notable for its extensive folding and the positioning of major functional areas towards its caudal extremity.

Adaptive brain size divergence in nine-spined sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius). Article in Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8) July with 62 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Relative Brain Size, Gut Size, and Evolution in New World Monkeys Article (PDF Available) in The Anatomical Record Advances in Integrative Anatomy and.

The ultimate expression of his fascination with evolution and. the brain was James Arthur’s bequest to the American Museum per.

mitting the establishment of the James Arthur Lectures on the Evo. lution of the Human Brain. Introduction. Vestibular neuritis (VN) is one of the most common causes of vertigo 1, and is defined as sudden unilateral labyrinthine failure, which is probably due to reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus 1 in the geniculate ganglion 2 or to other infectious diseases of the inner ear.

As is known, the characteristic signs and symptoms of VN include sudden onset of severe Author: A. Micarelli, A. Chiaravalloti, O. Schillaci, F. Ottaviani, M. Alessandrini. Axonal connections between the left and right sides of the brain are crucial for bilateral integration of lateralized sensory, motor, and associative functions.

Throughout vertebrate species, forebrain commissures share a conserved developmental plan, a similar position relative to each other within the brain and similar patterns of connectivity. However, major events in the evolution Cited by: Neurology - Anatomy and Physiology #3.

FA - STUDY. PLAY. Cavernous Sinus. A collection of venous sinuses on either side of the pituitary. Blood from eye and superficial cortex to cavernous sinus to internal jugular vein. Eventually he hopes to study mechanosensation in other animal groups, too.

“The key is the ability to rely on touch in the absence of visual or olfactory cues. If an animal can do this—we're interested regardless of what the animal is,” he wrote in an : Ben Mirin. Anglade C, Thiel A, Ansaldo AI.

The complementary role of the cerebral hemispheres in recovery from aphasia after stroke: a critical review of the literature. Brain Inj. ;28(2)– This is a review of current conceptualizations of post-stroke neural reorganization in the aphasic brain.

CrossRef PubMed Google ScholarCited by: 8. At first, the brain was viewed as the body’s coolant system, a hydraulic pump for “animal fluids.” Then it was a collection of self-winding springs or an “enchanted loom,” then a clock, an electromagnet, a telephone switchboard, a hologram and, most recently, a Author: Ferris Jabr.ANNALS OF ANATOMY Types of neurons and some dendritic patterns of basolateral amygdala in humans - a Golgi study Jovo Tosevski1, Aleksandar Malikovic2, Jelena Mojsilovic-Petrovic3, Vesna Lackovic4, Miodrag Peulic1, Predrag Sazdanovic1, and Chris Alexopuloss 1 Institute of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Svetozara Markov YU Kragujevac, Serbia, Cited by: A practical guide to neural data analysis techniques that presents sample datasets and hands-on methods for analyzing the data.

As neural data becomes increasingly complex, neuroscientists now require skills in computer programming, statistics, and data analysis. This book teaches practical neural data analysis techniques by presenting example datasets and developing .

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